To disable your entire profile, click on "Disable my account" in your settings: https://www.duolingo.com/settings/account.
Please be careful as this will disable all your Duolingo-related accounts! You will be logged out as soon as you disable your account.
If you deactivate your account, your username and email associated with your account will be reserved so that nobody else can sign up with those.
Be advised that if you are a Super Duolingo subscriber via the mobile apps, disabling your account will not suspend charges, as those are done by Apple or Google. Please refer to this article if you need to adjust your Super payment settings on Apple and Google.
To reactivate your account, you simply need to log into your Duolingo account.
If someone used your email address to sign up for Duolingo without your consent, please read "Someone created a Duolingo account with my email. How can I remove it and unsubscribe?"
If you are looking to completely delete all your information and account, please read How can I delete my account and data? (your username will not be reserved for you if you choose this option).